SEO Cheat Sheet: What SEO Is and How To Do It

Published: | By Stephanie Strong

SEO - we all hear about it, but what is it? How do you actually do SEO for your website? And why? I'll admit when I first started learning about it, I went deep down the rabbit hole. Here are some important things I've learned along the way.

SEO may seem daunting at first, but with consistent effort and a focus on providing valuable content, you can attract more visitors to your website, generate more leads, and ultimately boost your business's online presence and success. 

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There's a lot to it, and the good news is there are also some quick and easy places to get started. What you need to know first is that you can't ignore SEO if you want people to find your website organically.

So, I'll break it down for you today with this quick SEO cheat sheet that will help you get started.

Important SEO Definitions

Keywords Keywords are ideas and topics that define what your content is about. In terms of SEO, they're the words and phrases that searchers enter into search engines.
Rank Rankings in SEO refers to a website's position in the search engine results page.
Organic search Organic search refers to the search results of a search engine that cannot be influenced by paid advertising.
Backlinks Backlinks are links from a page on one website to another. If someone links to your site, then you have a backlink from them. If you link to another website, then they have a backlink from you.
Anchor text Anchor text is the clickable text in a hyperlink. SEO best practices dictate that anchor text be relevant to the page you're linking to, rather than generic text.
Impression An impression means that a user has "seen" a link to your site in search results.
Click For SEO this is when a user has clicked on the link to your website from the search results.
SERP Search Engine Results Page


What is SEO?

SEO is the process of optimizing your website to rank higher in search engine results pages (SERPs), like Google and Bing. The higher your website ranks, the more likely people are to see it, and the more traffic you'll receive.

Think of SEO as a digital storefront for your business. Just like you'd want your physical store to be located in a visible and accessible location, you want your website to be easily found by potential customers when they're searching for products or services like yours.

Let's remember that Google isn’t the only search engine, however, it is the most popular. It accounts for over 75% of desktop searches and over 87% of mobile searches worldwide.

Google itself has many free tools available to help businesses understand how their websites are performing and even tips for improvement.

For more information on Webflow SEO optimization, check out our recommended related blog post: Webflow SEO Checklist to Ranking.

What are the 3 Parts of SEO?

  • On-page SEO: refers to the optimization of the content on your website to make it relevant to search queries, like keyword research, title tags, header tags, and meta descriptions.
  • Off-page SEO: refers to the optimization of your website's backlinks from other authoritative websites. 
  • Technical SEO: refers to the optimization of your website's technical aspects to make it easy for search engines to crawl and index, like site speed, mobile-friendliness, and structured data markup.

For this article, I'll focus on on-page SEO. 

SEO Cheat Sheet: 5 On-Page SEO Tips You Must Get Right

  1. Optimize your meta title and meta description
  2. Pay attention to your header tags
  3. Use alt text in images
  4. Front load your keywords
  5. Write quality long-form content

Let's review each of these on-page SEO tips in more detail. We won't go into anything too technical, so you can make these changes yourself.

1. Optimize your meta title and description

Your meta title is the heading that appears in search engine results, and the meta description is the preview text that appears underneath.

Use keywords in your meta title and descriptions to help your site rank better for those keywords, and think about what searchers would be more likely to click on.

Aim for a maximum of 155 characters for a meta description to keep it from being cutoff in SERPs.

Even changing the order slightly can help you jump up a place. You can usually update these in the settings of your content management system for your website pages.

Meta title and meta description in Google search

2. Pay attention to your header tags

Search engines use your header tags to better understand the hierarchy of the page. Use only one H1 tag (typically this is the title of your page) and only as many H2 tags as you need. H3s should always support your H2s.


Source: HubSpot

The keywords you use in your headers hold more weight than paragraph text when it comes to ranking your page in search results.

It's worth carefully considering which terms you want to rank for and make sure you use them in your H1. 

3. Use alt text in images

The alt text isn’t just text to make your website more accessible, it also gives search engine crawlers a cue as to what our content is about.

Be sure to work in your chosen keywords in your alt text.

Most content management systems will let you update alt text in the image itself. It also helps to surface your images in relevant searches in Google Image search results

4. Front load your keywords

Make sure your preferred keywords are included in the first four words of your title and you stand a better chance of ranking more highly for them.

Note that the first 100 words of any page hold far more weight than the rest of the words on your page.

Be sure to add keywords here as well as sprinkling them throughout the content of your site.

Be careful to not add more than 15 instances of the keyword in any long form content you write so that you don’t get dinged for “keyword stuffing”.

5. Write quality long-form content

A 2023 study showed that the optimal content length is between 1,760 to 2,400 words. There is clearly a direct correlation to the average number of words and where you will rank in search results.


Where appropriate, write long form content with at least 1,760 words on the page and make sure you're using the most relevant keywords throughout.

Create high-quality, informative content that is relevant to your target audience and aligns with the search terms they are using. Regularly publish fresh content to keep your website updated and engaging.

Resources for Help With On-Page SEO

  • Website audit

There are many free resources online to get you up to speed on SEO. It's worth starting with a website audit using one of these websites: 

The audit report will tell you if you have any broken links, how many backlinks you already have, let you know which keywords are already performing well for you, and much more.

It will give you a good starting point so you know where to focus your efforts to begin with.

  • Keyword research

I've talked a lot about keywords and now you know they're important you'll want to know how to make sure you're using the best ones.

When researching your keywords take note of the monthly search volume, competition, and keyword difficulty. Here are a few places you can do keyword research for free:

In Closing

I hope this helps you get started with your website's SEO. Once you have people on your page, the next step is to convert them. 

Putting some focus on SEO will help you get more visitors to your website, and for most businesses, SEO is the most important customer acquisition channel.

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